I have always been a beauty product aficionado since my teen years always in search of that miracle product to make my medium fine naturally curly hair thick and shiny or the latest skincare and make-up to make my skin even-toned and flawless. After high school I was elated and felt blessed that I unlike my peers, had dodged the dreadful acne bullet; well so I thought. When I officially entered adulthood I started to notice infrequent breakouts regardless of how well I cared for my skin. I started to become extremely frustrated with skin problems that I never had to contend with during puberty. Well after visiting with a dermatologist to my dismay I was officially diagnosed with what is called adult acne.
Introduction to adult acne
It is a widely believed myth that acne is a problem that should be allowed to take its course but acne treatment for teenage acne, is not only essential but of prime importance otherwise, it can result into permanent acne scars or spots. For some after the teenage acne problems subsides there is no longer a reason to worry about one’s complexion but for others, adult acne poses a serious threat to your looks and self-esteem that can extend well into your forties, therefore it is necessary to know the ways to prevent and treat the problem.
Although poor hygiene is not the exact cause behind the problem, it definitely contributes towards secondary infection. A combination of which causes lead to the problem which happens when dead skin cells along with Keratin and fat clog the hair follicle which is connected to the oil glands under the skin, resulting in eruptions called acne which if open are called blackheads and closed are called whiteheads.
Ways to prevent adult acne
Washing the face gently with a mild cleanser containing sulphur, salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, two times a day helps to prevent further spread. Repeated washing throughout the day may strip natural moisture off the skin. The area should be not be scrubbed but tapped with water, using fingers to applying cleanser as cotton balls/sponge/cloth can result in rough touch. Water-based moisturizer should be applied each time after the wash for locking the moisture into the skin. Wash your hair regularly and keep them it off your face. Non-acnegenic or non-comedogenic skin or hair products are advised. Keep your hands clean and off your face as they can cause acne to flare up.
Do not ever try to pick, pop or prick acne otherwise you can get scars and run a risk of spreading the problem. Avoid tanning as it damages the skin and the skin can become sensitive to ultraviolet rays due to the local application of medication on the skin. It is better to avoid makeup, if absolutely necessary you should go for alcohol and oil-free makeup and if cosmetic brushes are used cleanse them regularly. You should also avoid junk food as our digestive system does not properly process it and the extra dose of oil also reflects on our skin. Eating raw fruits and vegetables, with a balanced diet goes a long way in improving digestion, our immunity and detoxifying our body. The same detoxifying action is promoted by drinking lots of water.
Stress is one of the reasons that affect hormone production as it increases the release of androgens that in turn increase the production of oil from oil glands. It is better to meditate or unwind to de-stress rather than enhance your level and exacerbating the acne condition. Hygiene regarding pillowcases and sheets, towels and washcloths are also important; change them more frequently.
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Usually, combined therapies are effective for treating the problem. For treating mild and moderate skin conditions, local application of lotions, solutions, gels, and creams come in handy. Creams containing antimicrobial properties with benzoyl peroxide kill the bacteria by permeating oxygen and antibiotic into the skin.
Retinoids applied locally can deal with the lesions that turn into acne however the side effects cause skin irritation and sensitivity to sun rays. Salicylic acid and sulphur based beauty products help in reducing further spread. Hormonal imbalance, a common cause should be treated by a medical professional after identifying the cause of the imbalance that may include oral pills for contraception or HRT, the hormone replacement therapy for women experiencing menopause.
Antibiotics taken orally can be effective along with the local application of creams but only after consulting a dermatologist, for example, zinc with ibuprofen with a benzoyl peroxide ointment. Chemical peels in spas are conducted once in 15 days. These are applications with acidic compositions that aim at exfoliating the uppermost skin layer which hastens the production of cells of the skin tissue which results in lessening the scars left off by acne and preventing clogging of pores. One has to protect the skin from sun rays by applying sunscreens with moisturizers. It is recommended usually to combine medical treatment with chemical peels for a satisfactory clear skin.
Light therapy at home, being expensive and time-consuming with limited effectiveness is a less preferred treatment. Similarly, laser therapy, being expensive and with improvement only on a temporary basis, is also a road not much traveled. So, as we know that acne is a condition that not only affects our skin but affects our esteem too, with so many solutions at hand, it is advisable to start acne treatment as soon as possible otherwise acne scars would not only go on spoiling the texture of our skin, they would disturb our peace of mind too.
Author Bio: Ayushi Choudhary is a Jr. Content writer working with Ranking By SEO. In her corporate life, she writes many blogs and articles on SEO, Link building, SMO and many more.